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Advanced Nano and Microtechnologies Advanced Materials Structural Biology Gen. and Prot. of Plant Systems Molecular Medicine Brain and Mind Research Molecular Vet. Medicine

Mammalian Reproduction - Martin Anger

Research Group Leader

Research areas

  • Acquisition of meiotic competence in mammalian oocytes
  • Regulation of chromosome segregation in mammalian meiosis
  • Effect of maternal aging on chromosome segregation errors in oocytes
  • Fertilisation and transition from meiosis into mitosis
  • Regulation of chromosome segregation during early embryonic development

Main objectives

  • To identify the essential factors important for acquisition of meiotic competence in mammalian oocytes, especially those that are conserved between species.
  • To obtain detailed description of the crucial molecular mechanisms controlling chromosome segregation in mammalian oocytes.
  • To determine which of those mechanisms are primarily affected by maternal aging in mammalian oocytes.
  • To study the transition from meiosis into mitosis during fertilisation and accompanying changes of the cell cycle regulatory mechanisms.
  • To study the regulation of chromosome segregation during early embryonic development in mammals, especially the role of checkpoint mechanisms in this process.

Content of research

Animal models of mammalian reproduction

Mammalian oocytes are unique cells that first appear during early embryonic development. After the initial stages of the meiotic program, which also involves recombination and exchange of genetic material, oocytes are arrested at the prophase of the first meiotic division until hormonal stimulation triggers resumption of meiosis. This extremely long interruption of the meiotic program that in some species, such as humans, might last for decades can cause cell cycle disorders during later stages of the meiosis. Manifested by insufficient competence to complete meiosis or failure of chromosome segregation leading to aneuploidy, these errors accumulate with age and present serious problems for human reproduction such as increased levels of abortion or developmental disorders.

Research group will focus on two essential events in mammalian oocytes. We will study how the oocytes acquire competence to resume meiosis during growth and how the segregation of chromosomes during the resumption of meiosis is controlled. In particular we are interested in changes introduced into those events by maternal aging. Using mouse oocytes together with oocytes isolated from farm animals, we will be able to take advantage of the mouse knockout and transgenic lines and close to human meiotic progression observed in farm animals. Using techniques such as live cell confocal microscopy and kinase assays based on FRET biosensors, we will be able to study individual cells. Our results will be important for human reproduction, as well as for the improvement of techniques used in the reproduction of farm animals.

In order to obtain a complete picture about regulation of chromosome segregation at the onset of development, apart from studying this process in oocytes we will also focus our attention to the fertilisation and early embryonic development. This part of the mammalian development represents and important transition between meiotic cell cycle and mitosis and for our better understanding of the mechanisms regulating cell division and chromosome segregation and also errors, which might occur in this process, this stage of development is essential. Since the chromosome segregation during early embryonic development in human is highly error prone, our results will be valuable for preventing such errors.

Updating research infrastructure by introducing new state-of-the-art techniques to our laboratory is also one of our goals. To achieve this, we would like to introduce live imaging of oocytes and embryos in combination with kinase assays in single cell. These new techniques will not only substantially increase our chance to compete in the field for the future, but the methods and approaches developed during our study will also potentially have robust impact on reproduction medicine and animal biotechnology.

list / cards

Name and position



Martin Anger, Ph.D.
Research group leader
Michal Škultéty
Research specialist - PhD student
Lenka Radoňová
Research specialist - PhD student
Tereza Svobodová
Research specialist - PhD student
Eliška Stuchlíková
Research specialist - PhD student
Ivana Chytková
Support Staff



  • BALLA, J; MEDVED'OVA, Z; KALOUSEK, P; MATIJESCUKOVA, N; FRIML, J; REINOHL, V; PROCHAZKA, S, 2016:Auxin flow-mediated competition between axillary buds to restore apical dominance. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6
  • DANADOVA, J; MATIJESCUKOVA, N; DANYLEVSKA, A; ANGER, M, 2016:Increased frequency of chromosome congression defects and aneuploidy in mouse oocytes cultured at lower temperature. Reproduction, Fertility and Development [Epub]
  • KOVACOVICOVA, K; AWADOVA, T; MIKEL, P; ANGER, M, 2016:In Vitro Maturation of Mouse Oocytes Increases the Level of Kif11/Eg5 on Meiosis II Spindles. BIOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION 95 (1)
  • NOVAKOVA, L; KOVACOVICOVA, K; DANG-NGUYEN, TQ; SODEK, M; SKULTETY, M; ANGER, M, 2016:A Balance between Nuclear and Cytoplasmic Volumes Controls Spindle Length. PLOS ONE 11 (2)
  • SUSOR, A; JANSOVA, D; ANGER, M; KUBELKA, M, 2016:Translation in the mammalian oocyte in space and time. CELL AND TISSUE RESEARCH 363 (1), p. 69 - 84.


  • SUSOR, A; JANSOVA, D; CERNA, R; DANYLEVSKA, A; ANGER, M; TORALOVA, T; MALIK, R; SUPOLIKOVA, J; COOK, MS; OH, JS; KUBELKA, M, 2015:Temporal and spatial regulation of translation in the mammalian oocyte via the mTOR-eIF4F pathway. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 6


  • DANYLEVSKA, A; KOVACOVICOVA, K; AWADOVA, T; ANGER, M, 2014:The frequency of precocious segregation of sister chromatids in mouse female meiosis I is affected by genetic background. CHROMOSOME RESEARCH 22 (3), p. 365 - 373.


  • BHATTACHARYYA, T; GREGOROVA, S; MIHOLA, O; ANGER, M; SEBESTOVA, J; DENNY, P; SIMECEK, P; FOREJT, J, 2013:Mechanistic basis of infertility of mouse intersubspecific hybrids. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 110 (6), p. E468 - E477.


  • SEBESTOVA, J; DANYLEVSKA, A; NOVAKOVA, L; KUBELKA, M; ANGER, M, 2012:Lack of response to unaligned chromosomes in mammalian female gametes. CELL CYCLE 11 (16), p. 3011 - 3018.


  • HORNAK, M; JESETA, M; MUSILOVA, P; PAVLOK, A; KUBELKA, M; MOTLIK, J; RUBES, J; ANGER, M, 2011:Frequency of Aneuploidy Related to Age in Porcine Oocytes. PLOS ONE 6 (4)


  • Marie Curie Reintegration Grant, FP7- People - Marie Curie actions - CIG, 2009 - 2011
  • Regulation of chromosome segregation during meiosis (IAA501620801), Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic - Grants of distinctly investigative character focused on the sphere of research pursued at present particularly in the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Rep., 2008 - 2010
  • EMBO Installation Grant, EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization ) grants, 2009 - 2011
  • The changes in important regulatory mechanisms of meiotically dividing mammalian oocytes induced by ageing (GA523/09/0743), Czech Science Foundation - Standard Grants, 2009 - 2012


Technology Units

Analysis of mammalian gametes and embryos using live microscopy


Our current research infrastructure includes basic equipment for in vitro culture and analysis of oocytes and embryos and basic equipment for molecular biology techniques such as RT PCR, in vitro transcription of mRNA, electrophoresis, gel documentation etc. We have also available facility for housing laboratory animals including transgenic mouse facility and facility for housing large farm animals.

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